Description. Flavius Vegetius Renatus, the 4th century AD writer on military matters, was more well known during the Middle Ages than today. His “Epitoma Rei. Epitoma rei militaris. by Vegetius Renatus, Flavius; Reeve, Michael D. Publication date Language Latin; English. Book digitized by. De re militari (Latin “Concerning Military Matters”), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the . Xii in the Royal Library, written and ornamented for Richard III of England, is a translation of Vegetius. It ends with a paragraph starting: “Here.
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When once fixed in the shield it was impossible to draw them out, and when thrown with force and skill, they penetrated the cuirass without difficulty. The Tiber was then their only bath, and in it they refreshed themselves after their exercises and fatigues in the field by swimming. Their meals should be coarse and moderate; they should be accustomed to lie sometimes in the open air and sometimes in tents. In the next place, they are to double again and form four deep.
Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatusthough the work was revised a number of times afterwards.
Epitoma rei militaris
Thus the ten centuries of the first http: They selected from among the servants the most rpitoma and experienced and gave them the command of a number of servants and boys, not exceeding two hundred, and rnglish ensigns directed them where to assemble the baggage.
The latter are hired corps of foreigners assembled from different parts of the Empire, made up of different numbers, without knowledge of one another or any tie of affection.
Nor do I presume to offer this work. Military of ancient Rome portal. It is certain that every country produces both brave men and cowards; but it is equally as certain that some nations are naturally more warlike than others, and that courage, as well as strength of body, depends greatly upon the influence of the different climates.
The Tribunes, Centurions, and all the soldiers in general were under his orders: There is an abbreviated version of this under a different name, also available on Amazon; however, if you are interested enough in this subject to shell out bucks for a book, then Epitome of Military Science is the one to get. The Athenians excelled not only in war but in other arts and sciences. Thus the legionary horse contract an affection for the foot of their own cohorts, notwithstanding the natural antipathy existing between the two corps.
The legion is provided with iron hooks, called wolves, and iron scythes fixed to the ends of long poles; and with forks, spades, shovels, pickaxes, enylish and baskets for digging and transporting earth; together with hatchets, axes and saws for cutting wood. If a numerous army continues long in one place in the summer or in the autumn, the waters fnglish corrupt and the air infected.
My design herein is to point out epitomaa certain method of forming good and serviceable armies, which can only be accomplished by an exact imitation of the ancients in their care in the choice and discipline of their levies.
These are the maxims and instructions dispersed through the works of different authors, which Your Majesty has ordered me to abridge, emglish It was first published in English by Caxton, from an English manuscript copy, in The latest event alluded to in his Epitoma rei militaris is the death of the Emperor Gratian ; the earliest attestation of this work militarix a subscriptio by one Flavius Eutropius, writing in Constantinople in the yearwhich appears in one of two families of manuscripts, suggesting that a division of the manuscript tradition had already occurred.
The abridged edition of Lieutenant John Clarke’s translation omitting Books IV and V, “of interest only to military antiquarians” is available online:.
You can now embed Open Library books on your website! As the enemy generally endeavor to fall upon an army at the passage of a river either by surprise or ambuscade, it is necessary to secure both sides thereof by strong detachments so that the troops may not be attacked and defeated while separated by the channel of the river.
Vegetius’ notes about siegecraft became especially obsolete when the technology advanced and gunpowder weapons such as cannon came into widespread use. The foot were obliged to march completely armed the distance of ten miles from the camp and return, in the most exact order and with the military step which they changed and dpitoma on some part of the march.
They arc provided with all sorts of arnms, arrows, fustibali, slings, stones, onagri and balistae for their defense. The Princeps of the first cohort commanded a century and a half, that is, one hundred and fifty men, and kept in a great measure the general detail of the legion. Nothing does so much honor to the abilities or application of the tribune as the appearance and discipline of the soldiers, when their apparel is neat and clean, their arms bright and in good order and when peitoma perform their exercises and evolutions with dexterity.
He had the charge of providing carriages, bathorses and the proper tools for sawing and cutting wood, digging trenches, raising parapets, sinking wells and bringing water into the camp. At last, after the defeat of many consuls and the loss of many officers rri armies, they were convinced that the revival of discipline was the only road to victory and thereby recovered their superiority.
Top Reii Most recent Top Reviews. He should put militzris under a guard and spare neither promises nor threat to induce them to be faithful.
Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
These latter are now called supernumeraries. They are simple, content with little, inured to all kinds of fatigue, and prepared in some measure for a military life by their continual employment in their country-work, in handling the spade, digging trenches and carrying burdens.
The form of the camps must be determined by the site of the country, in conformity to which they must be square, triangular or oval. It consists of eleven hundred and five foot and one hundred and thirty-two horse cuirassiers, and is distinguished by the name of the Millarian Cohort. The recruits having thus been carefully chosen with proper attention to their persons and dispositions, and having been daily exercised for the space of four months at least, the legion is formed by the command and under the auspices of the Emperor.
Translation of Epitoma rei militaris in English
For if you are once surprised by the enemy before you are in a proper posture of defense, you are thrown into irrecoverable confusion, and you can no longer draw any assistance from the neighboring places, all communication with them being cut off.
Ebert, Friedrich Adolf There is the greater reason for instructing all troops, without exception, in this exercise, as the sling cannot be reckoned any incumbrance, and often is of the greatest service, especially when they are obliged to engage in stony places, to defend a mountain or an eminence, or to repulse an enemy at the attack of a castle or city. To the institution of a body of troops of this sort Claudius owed his victory over an enemy who, till that time, had constantly been superior to him.
The recruits having thus been carefully chosen with proper attention to their persons and dispositions, and having been daily exercised for the space of four months at least, the legion is formed by the command and under the auspices of the Emperor.
His book on siegecraft contains the best description of Late Empire and Medieval siege machines. For the possessions of the subjects cannot be kept secure otherwise than by the defense of arms. Famine makes greater havoc in an army than the enemy, and is more terrible than the sword.
Nothing does so much honor to the abilities or application of the tribune as the appearance and discipline of the soldiers, when their apparel is neat and clean, their arms bright and in good order and when they perform their exercises and evolutions with dexterity. For it is certainly better that a soldier, perfectly disciplined, should, through emulation, repine at his not being yet arrived at a proper age for action, than have the mortification of knowing it is past.
The new levies also should be taught by the masters at arms the system of drill called armatura, imlitaris it is still partly kept up among us. To the modern englihs, Latin copies of the book have survived, not including translations mioitaris various milotaris European languages.
By practice only can be acquired agility of body and the skill requisite to engage an enemy with advantage, especially in close fight.